The Explanation of the Perfect Names of Allah

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The Explanation of the Perfect Names of Allah

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May Allah raise the rank of our master Muhammad and his Al and Companions and protect his nation from that which he fears for it.


  1. Allah الله: The One Who has the Godhood, which is the power to create the entities.
  2. Ar-Rahman الرحمن: The One Who has an abundance of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and exclusively for the believers in the Hereafter.
  3. Ar-Rahim الرحيم: The One Who has an abundance of mercy for the believers.
  4. Al-Malik الملك: The One with absolute Dominion, and the One Whose Dominion is clear of imperfection.
  5. Al-Quddus القدوس: The One Who is pure from any imperfection and clear of children and adversaries.
  6. As-Salam السلام: The One Who is clear of every imperfection.
  7. Al-Mu'min المؤمن: The One Who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him; and Who witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him.
  8. Al-Muhaymin المهيمن: The One Who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures.
  9. Al-^Aziz العزيز: The Defeater Who is not defeated.
  10. Al-Jabbar الجبار: The One for Whom nothing happens in His dominion except what He willed.
  11. Al-Mutakabbir المتكبر: The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creatures and of resembling them.
  12. Al- Khaliq الخالق: The One Who brings everything from non-existence to existence.
  13. Al-Bari' البارئ: The Creator Who has the Power to turn the entities from one state to another.
  14. Al-Musawwir المصور: The One Who forms His creatures in different pictures.
  15. Al-Ghaffar الغفار: The One Who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.
  16. Al-Qahhar القهار: The Subduer Who has the perfect Power and is not powerless over anything.
  17. Al-Wahhab الوهاب: The One Who is Generous in giving plenty without any return.
  18. Ar-Razzaq الرزاق: The One Who makes the Sustenance reach His slaves. Sustenance is everything that benefits, whether halal or haram.
  19. Al-Fattah الفتاح: The One Who opens for His slaves the closed worldly and religious matters.
  20. Al-^Alim العليم: The Knowledgeable; the One for Whom nothing is hidden from His Knowledge.
  21. Al-Qabid القابض,
  22. Al-Basit الباسط: The One Who constricts the sustenance by His Wisdom and expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.
  23. Al-Khafid الخافض,
  24. Ar-Rafi^ الرافع: The One Who lowers whomever He willed by His Destruction and raises whomever He willed by His Endowment.
  25. Al-Mu^izz المعز,
  26. Al-Mudhill المذل: The One Who gives esteem to whomever He willed; hence there is no one to degrade him. The One Who degrades whomever He willed; hence there is no one to give him esteem.
  27. As-Sami^ السميع: The One Who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument, or organ.
  28. Al-Basir البصير: The One Who Sees all things that are seen by His eternal Sight without a pupil or any other instrument.
  29. Al-Hakam الحكم: He is the Ruler, and His judgment is His Word.
  30. Al-^Adl العدل: The One Who is entitled to do what He does.
  31. Al-Latif اللطيف : The One Who is kind to His slaves and endows upon them.
  32. Al-Khabir الخبير : The One Who knows the truth of things.
  33. Al-Halim الحليم : The One Who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.
  34. Al-^Adhim العظيم : The One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement, and Purity from all imperfection.
  35. Al-Ghafur الغفور : The One Who forgives a lot.
  36. Ash-Shakur الشّكور : The One Who gives ample reward for a little obedience.
  37. Al-^Aliyy العليّ : The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creatures.
  38. Al-Kabir الكبير : The One Who is greater in status than everything.
  39. Al-Hafidh الحفيظ : The One Who protects whatever and whomever He willed to protect.
  40. Al-Muqit المقيت : The One Who has the Power.
  41. Al-Hasib الحسيب : The One Who gives the satisfaction.
  42. Al-Jalil الجليل : The One Who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.
  43. Al-Karim الكريم : The One Who is clear of abjectness.
  44. Ar-Raqib الرّقيب : The One from Whom nothing is absent. Hence its meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.
  45. Al-Mujib المجيب : The One Who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him.
  46. Al-Wasi^ الواسع : The Knowledgeable.
  47. Al-Hakim الحكيم : The One Who is correct in His doings.
  48. Al-Wadud الودود : The One Who loves His believing slaves and His believing slaves love Him. His love to His slaves is His Will to be merciful to them and praise them: Hence its meaning is related to the attributes of the Will and Kalam (His attribute with which He orders and forbids and with which He spoke to Muhammad and Musa. It is not a sound, nor a language, nor a letter.)
  49. Al-Majid المجيد : The One Who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity, and Kindness.
  50. Al-Ba^ith الباعث : The One Who resurrects His slaves after death for reward and/or punishment.
  51. Ash-Shahid الشهيد : The One from Whom nothing is absent.
  52. Al-Haqq الحق : The One Who truly exists, i.e., the One Whose Existence is confirmed.
  53. Al-Wakil الوكيل : The One Who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon.
  54. Al-Qawiyy القوي : The One with the complete Power.
  55. Al-Matin المتين : The One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted, and Who does not get tired.
  56. Al-Waliyy الولي : The Supporter.
  57. Al-Hamid الحميد : The praised One Who deserves to be praised.
  58. Al-Muhsi المحصي : The One Who knows the count of things.
  59. Al-Mubd' المبدىء : The One Who started the human being, that is, He created him.
  60. Al-Mu^id المعيد : The One Who brings back the creatures after death.
  61. Al-Muhyi المحي : The One Who took out a living human from seminal fluid that does not have a soul. He quickens the dead by giving the souls back to the decayed bodies on the Resurrection Day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.
  62. Al-Mumit المميت : The One Who renders the living dead.
  63. Al-Hayy الحي : The One Who is attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh, and blood.
  64. Al-Qayyum القيوم : The One Who remains and does not end.
  65. Al-Wajid الواجد : The Rich Who is never poor. Al¬Wajd is Richness.
  66. Al-Majid المجيد : The One Who is Majid.
  67. Al-Wahid الواحد : The One without a partner.
  68. As-Samad الصمد : The Master Who is relied upon in matters and is resorted to in one's needs.
  69. Al-Qadir القدير : The One Who is attributed with Power.
  70. Al-Muqtadir المقتدر : The One with the perfect Power from Whom nothing is withheld.
  71. Al-Muqaddim المقدم ,
  72. Al-Mu'akhkhir المؤخر : The One Who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead whatever He wills and delays whatever He wills.
  73. Al-'Awwal الأول : The One whose Existence is without a beginning.
  74. Al-'Akhir الآخر : The One whose Existence is without an end.
  75. Adh-Dhahir,
  76. Al-Batin الباطن : The One above Whom nothing exists and underneath Whom nothing exists; hence He exists without a place. His Existence is obvious by proofs. He is clear of the delusions of bodily attributes.
  77. Al-Wali الوالي : The One Who owns things and manages them.
  78. Al-Muta^ali المتعالِ : The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creation.
  79. Al-Barr البر : The One Who is kind to His creatures, Who covered them with His sustenance and specified whomever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy.
  80. At-Tawwab التّواب : The One Who grants repentance to whomever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance.
  81. Al-Muntaqim المنتقم : The One Who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One Who destroys them.
  82. Al-^Afuww العفوّ : The One with wide forgiveness.
  83. Ar-Ra'uf الرؤوف : The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allah is His Will to endow upon whomever He willed among His creatures.
  84. Malikul-Mulk مالك الملك : The One Who controls the dominion and gives dominion to whomever He willed.
  85. Dhul-Jalal Wal-'Ikram ذو الجلالِ والإكرام : The One Who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.
  86. Al-Muqsit المقْسِط : The One Who is Just in His judgment.
  87. Al-Jami^ الجامع : The One Who gathers the creatures on a day there is no doubt about, that is, the Day of Judgment.
  88. Al-Ghaniyy الغني : The One Who does not need the creation.
  89. Al-Mughni المغني : The One Who satisfies the necessities of the creatures.
  90. Al-Mani^ المانع : The Supporter Who protects and gives victory to His pious believers.
  91. Ad –Darr الضّار  ,
  92. An-Nafi^ النّافع : The One Who makes harm reach to whomever He willed and benefit to whomever He willed.
  93. An-Nur النّور : The One Who guides.
  94. Al-Hadi الهادي : The One with Whose Guidance His believers were guided, and with Whose Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial for them and protected from what is harmful to them.
  95. Al-Badi^ البديع : The One Who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.
  96. Al-Baqi الباقي : The One for Whom the state of non-existence is impossible.
  97. Al-Warith الوارث : The One Whose Existence remains.
  98. Ar-Rashid الرّشيد : The One Who guides.
  99. As-Sabur الصّبور : The One Who does not quickly punish the sinners.

and Allah knows best